I’m confused when to use ser or estar

LesleyA1Kwiziq community member

I’m confused when to use ser or estar

Asked 2 years ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Lesley

We use one or the other depending on the context. There isn't one simple rule differentiating them. We use ser in specific situations and estar in other specific situations. We have many specific lessons on these essential verbs. Here are some of the A1 and A2 lessons:

Using ser (not estar) to describe relationships

Using ser (not estar) to express an essential or permanent characteristic

Using ser (not estar) to express origin or nationality

Using estar (not ser) when talking about locations

Using estar (not ser) when talking about physical condition of something, someone or a place

I hope this helps. There are more lessons on ser and estar for more advance levels.

Saludos

Inma

PaulA1Kwiziq community member

Hola,

I use the following to try and help myself remember.

Ser is Permanent such as occupation DOCTOR

Date

Occupation

Characteristic

Time

Origin (where you come from)

Relationship (sister/brother/mum/dad)

And Estar for temporary such as a location or PLACE

Position

Location

Action

Condition (Such as tired)

Emotion (such as happy)

But I am no expert.

I’m confused when to use ser or estar

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