Ser vs estar in Spanish: relationships
When we want to talk about relationships, such as family ties, friendship or romantic relationships, we use the verb ser (not estar).
María es mi madre.María is my mother.
Él es mi hermano.He is my brother.
Ustedes son sus padres.You are his/her/their parents.
In the examples above, we use ser
to talk about family ties.
Laura es su amiga.Laura is his friend.
Ramón y Marcos son mis amigos.Ramón and Marcos are my friends.
Nosotras somos las amigas de Carlota.We are Carlota's friends.
As you can see above, we use ser to talk about friendships.
Marta es mi novia.Marta is my girlfriend.
Daniel es tu marido.Daniel is your husband.
In the examples above, we use ser to talk about romantic relationships.
Want to make sure your Spanish sounds confident?
We’ll map your knowledge and give you free lessons to focus on your
gaps and mistakes. Start your Braimap today »