Conjugate yo-go verbs in El Presente de Subjuntivo

All yo-go verbs in Spanish, i.e verbs where the yo form ends in -go in El Presente, take that same stem to form El Presente de Subjuntivo and keep it all the way through the conjugation. However, the El Presente de Subjuntivo endings are the same as regular -er and -ir verbs endings.

Have a look a the following table showing two common verbs, tener (to have) and venir (to come):

  TENER
to have
VENIR
to come
 yo tenga venga
  tengas vengas

él / ella
usted

tenga venga
nosotros 
nosotras
tengamos vengamos
vosotros 
vosotras
tengáis vengáis
ellos / ellas
ustedes
tengan vengan

 Have a look and listen to these examples:

No tengas miedo, yo estoy aquí.
Don't be afraid, I am here.

No vengáis más tarde de las diez.
Don't arrive any later than ten.

¿Dígame? - Hola, ¿puedo hablar con Juan?
[on the phone, lit: speak to me] Hello?  - Hello, may I speak to Juan?

Es mejor que pongas los vasos en el lavavajillas.
It's best if you put the glasses in the dishwasher.

Hagamos lo correcto.
Let's do the right thing.

Es conveniente que ellos traigan las sombrillas a la playa.
It'd be good if they brought the parasols to the beach.

 

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Es conveniente que ellos traigan las sombrillas a la playa.
It'd be good if they brought the parasols to the beach.


¿Dígame? - Hola, ¿puedo hablar con Juan?
[on the phone, lit: speak to me] Hello?  - Hello, may I speak to Juan?


Hagamos lo correcto.
Let's do the right thing.


Es mejor que pongas los vasos en el lavavajillas.
It's best if you put the glasses in the dishwasher.


No vengáis más tarde de las diez.
Don't arrive any later than ten.


No tengas miedo, yo estoy aquí.
Don't be afraid, I am here.


Q&A Forum 2 questions, 4 answers

JohnB2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Usine Creer as a question

Hola,

Can I check my understanding of one of the questions I completed please. The question was ¿Crees que es bueno que Juan ________? (venga).

I thought that when we use "Creer" [I think / believe] it takes the indicative because it is our opinion / belief, there isn't an element of doubt. My question is, does it take the subjunctive because it is a question about what someone else thinks / believes?

Thanks. John

Asked 4 weeks ago
AlanC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

The verb after "crees que" is "es" which is in the indicative. However, "es bueno que" is always followed by the subjunctive.

Whether "crees que" should take the subjunctive because it's a question is an interesting point, though. I don't think it does in Spanish, but I'm not 100% sure. In French it would require the subjunctive.

InmaKwiziq team member

Hola John

Exactly as Alan said. You can see the indicative in "es" after "crees que", and then the subjunctive after es + adjective + que constructions: "venga".

As per Alan's question about ¿crees que...? taking or not the subjunctive as a question, no, it doesn't in Spanish. Even when we use it in negative "¿No crees que Laura es hermosa? (Don't you think Laura is beautiful?; UNLESS, someone has previously established in the conversation that "Laura is beautiful", and then someone shows some doubts about this and another person then says "¿No crees que Laura sea hermosa?" In this case we'd most probably use the subjunctive "sea" because this bit of information has already been shared among the speakers. It is a shared information and this would trigger the subjunctive. 

Inma

Usine Creer as a question

Hola,

Can I check my understanding of one of the questions I completed please. The question was ¿Crees que es bueno que Juan ________? (venga).

I thought that when we use "Creer" [I think / believe] it takes the indicative because it is our opinion / belief, there isn't an element of doubt. My question is, does it take the subjunctive because it is a question about what someone else thinks / believes?

Thanks. John

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PapiB2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

clarification

I believe that a couple of the examples used are commands (Imperatives), not subjunctive.  Please clarify. Thanks

example:

¿Dígame? - Hola, ¿puedo hablar con Juan?[on the phone, lit: speak to me] Hello?  - Hello, may I speak to Juan?

Asked 7 months ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Papi

The example that you mention with "Dígame" is using the present subjunctive form "diga". It is a direct command but when we use the "usted" form, which is the case of "diga" we need to conjugate the verb in the present subjunctive. 

If we gave a command informally using the tú form, then you´d need the Imperative form. See the difference here:

Talking to a friend:

"Dime lo que Laura te dijo ayer" (Tell me what Laura told you yesterday)

Talking to a client:

"Dígame su dirección y le enviaré los documentos" (Tell me your address and I will send you the documents.)

The second is used formally. In this case, the form used is the present subjunctive.(diga)

You will find all the information here. Have a look.

Hope it helps

Saludos

Inma

 

PapiB2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Ok. I get it.  Without arguing semantics, I think it might be a benefit to the students, like me, to say these particular forms are formed or conjugated the same, but that the examples are commands, not subjunctive.  The title of the grammar being discussed is "Conjugate yo-go verbs in El Presente de Subjuntivo" making me believe we are learning about the subjunctive, and the examples would be subjunctives, not imperatives, which work very differently.  You would not add pronouns to the ends of the present subjunctive, but rather commands. Honestly, I am just trying to be helpful. Thank you for all you do! 

clarification

I believe that a couple of the examples used are commands (Imperatives), not subjunctive.  Please clarify. Thanks

example:

¿Dígame? - Hola, ¿puedo hablar con Juan?[on the phone, lit: speak to me] Hello?  - Hello, may I speak to Juan?

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