Using todo, toda, todos and todas to say all, every and the whole (indefinite adjectives)

Todo is a Adjetivo indefinido meaning all, every or the whole. It expresses a non-defined quantity and is usually followed by a definite article or a possessive adjective.

Look at this table:

  Singular Plural
 Masculine todo todos
 Feminine toda todas
In Spanish these adjectives always agree with the noun they refer to.

Now let's see how to use this adjective!

1. Todo + [definite article/possesive adjective] + [masculine singular noun]

Todo el correo viaja por este canal.
All the mail travels via this channel.

Todo mi país es bonito.
All my country is beautiful.

2. Toda + [definite article/possesive adjective] + [feminine singular noun]

Ha jugado al fútbol toda la mañana.
He has played football all morning.

Toda mi casa está orientada al sur.
My whole house faces south.

3.Todos + [definite article/possesive adjective] + [masculine plural noun]

Todos los estudiantes tienen derecho a aprender.
All students have the right to learn.

¡Siempre pierdo todos mis vuelos!
I always miss all my flights!

4.Todas + [definite article/possesive adjective] + [feminine plural noun]

Julián ha estado enfadado todas las vacaciones.
Julián has been upset the whole holiday.

Todas mis hijas fueron a Italia de Erasmus.
All my daughters went to Italy on the Erasmus programme.

Be careful! There are some time phrases where using todo or todos/as changes the meaning:

He trabajado todo el día. (I have worked all day/the whole day.)

He trabajado todos los días(I have worked every day.)

Sandra bailó toda la noche(Sandra danced all night/the whole night.)

Sandra bailó todas las noches. (Sandra danced every night.)

Todo el mundo = Everyone/Everybody

Todo el mundo vino a mi fiesta.

Everyone came to my party.

See also Using todo to say everything or all (of it) (indefinite pronoun).

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

¡Siempre pierdo todos mis vuelos!
I always miss all my flights!


Todas mis hijas fueron a Italia de Erasmus.
All my daughters went to Italy on the Erasmus programme.


Toda mi casa está orientada al sur.
My whole house faces south.


Julián ha estado enfadado todas las vacaciones.
Julián has been upset the whole holiday.


Todo mi país es bonito.
All my country is beautiful.


Ha jugado al fútbol toda la mañana.
He has played football all morning.


Todos los estudiantes tienen derecho a aprender.
All students have the right to learn.


Todo el correo viaja por este canal.
All the mail travels via this channel.


Q&A

Bonnie

Kwiziq community member

5 July 2018

4 replies

No comprendo este frase ni en inglés ni en español

What does "Todo el alquiler incluye las facturas" mean?
All the rent includes the bills.

Inma

Kwiziq language super star

5 July 2018

5/07/18

Hola Bonnie

This sentence means that "the amount of money paid for rent [by someone]" = in Spanish also referred to as "el alquiler", is including bills for electricity, gas, water... 

When you want to rent a flat for example in Spain, you would ask the tenant "¿Cuánto es el alquiler? and he/she would reply something like "El alquiler es 500 euros, incluyendo facturas".

I hope this made it a bit clearer.

Inma

Bonnie

Kwiziq community member

5 July 2018

5/07/18

Sí, gracias. I think in English you'd have to specify that, or "including water, gas and electricity".

Gruff

Kwiziq language super star

6 July 2018

6/07/18

"The rent includes all [utility] bills" is probably more idiomatic English, but not sure if that is how it's said in the US?

Bonnie

Kwiziq community member

6 July 2018

6/07/18

I don't either. We own our house, and i lived in Denmark for many years, where i think i paid most of my own bills for the one rental i remember!

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