Where to place the pronouns with conjugated verbs in Spanish
When there are direct object, indirect object and reflexive pronouns in a sentence with a conjugated verb, the position of the pronouns will always be in front of the verb structure.
Have a look and listen to the following examples:
Ellos nos han enviado una invitación.They have sent us an invitation.
¿Me leerás un cuento esta noche?Will you read me a story tonight?
Rosario lo compró en la farmacia.Rosario bought it at the chemist.
Ellas se habían duchado antes de salir.They had had a shower before going out.
Notice how the pronouns are always placed in front and not after the verb, unlike in English, for example:
Los compré en Madrid NOT Compré los en Madrid
I bought them in Madrid.
Where to place pronouns with negative commands
With negative imperatives, the pronoun is also placed in front of the verb, after "no". For example:
¡No me dejes!Don't leave me!
Ella se lo entregó enseguida.She gave it to him straight away.
[se =indirect object] [lo =direct object]
Me gusta este bar. Clara me lo recomendó.I like this bar. Clara recommended it to me.
[me =indirect object] [lo =direct object]
Hemos recibido una carta. Antonio nos la ha enviado desde Perú.We received a letter. Antonio sent it to us from Peru.
[nos =indirect object] [la =direct object]
El susto se me pasó pronto.I got over the fright quickly.
[se = reflexive pronoun] [me = indirect object]
To learn about how pronouns are positioned with conjugated verbs that contain a gerund, infinitive or a command see also Position of direct and indirect object pronouns with infinitive/gerund and affirmative commands.
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