Position of direct and indirect object pronouns with infinitive/gerund and affirmative commands

When there are direct and indirect object pronouns in a sentence with a conjugated verb that is followed by an infinitive or a gerund, the position of the pronouns can be:

  • In front of the verb structure. 

¿Todavía no has recibido la carta? Seguro que ella la va a escribir mañana.
Have you not received the letter yet? I am sure she'll write it tomorrow.

¿Estás cantando tu canción favorita? Sí, la estoy cantando.
Are you singing your favourite song? Yes, I am singing it.

  • Right after the infinitive/gerund and connected to it.

¿Todavía no has recibido la cartaSeguro que ella va a escribirla mañana.
Have you not received the letter yet? I'm sure she'll write it tomorrow.

¿Estas cantando tu canción favorita? - Sí, estoy cantándola.
Are you singing your favorite song? - Yes, I'm singing it.

Look at these other examples:

Es el cumpleaños de Joaquín. Tengo que enviarle una tarjeta.
It is Joaquín's birthday. I have to send him a card.

Es el cumpleaños de Joaquín. Le tengo que enviar una tarjeta.
It is Joaquín's birthday. I have to send him a card.

Rafa y Luis son simpáticos. Quiero invitarlos a mi fiesta.
Rafa and Luis are nice. I want to invite them to my party.

Rafa y Luis son simpáticos. Los quiero invitar a mi fiesta.
Rafa and Luis are nice. I want to invite them to my party.

Affirmative commands

When there are direct and indirect object pronouns in a sentence with an affirmative command the pronouns must be placed right after the command and connected to it. It cannot be placed in front.

Read and listen to these examples:

Los filetes están listos. ¡Cómanlos ahora mismo!
The steaks are ready. Eat them now!

¿Quieres que lleve los libros? -Sí, tráelos por favor.
Do you want me to take the books? -Yes, please bring them.

¡Dame las llaves!
Give me the keys!

Muéstrale el camino.
Show him the way.

Remember that there are sentences which have more than one object pronoun. In these cases, the indirect pronoun must be placed first, and the direct pronoun after, not the other way around. Both pronouns must be together.

Here are some more examples:

Quiere comprárselos.
She wants to buy them for him.

Se los quiere comprar.
She wants to buy them for him.

¡Cómpraselos!
Buy them for him!

Los quiere comprar se.

Examples and resources

- ¿Ves a las chicas? - No, no las veo.
- Do you see the girls? - No, I do not see them.


Quiere comprárselos.
She wants to buy them for him.


Los filetes están listos. ¡Cómanlos ahora mismo!
The steaks are ready. Eat them now!


Muéstrale el camino.
Show him the way.


Es el cumpleaños de Joaquín. Le tengo que enviar una tarjeta.
It is Joaquín's birthday. I have to send him a card.


¿Quieres que lleve los libros? -Sí, tráelos por favor.
Do you want me to take the books? -Yes, please bring them.


Adela, pásame la foto, necesito pegarla en el álbum.
Adela, pass me the photo, I need to paste it in the album.


¡Dame las llaves!
Give me the keys!


Es el cumpleaños de Joaquín. Tengo que enviarle una tarjeta.
It is Joaquín's birthday. I have to send him a card.


Rafa y Luis son simpáticos. Quiero invitarlos a mi fiesta.
Rafa and Luis are nice. I want to invite them to my party.


- ¿Quieres comprar un regalo? -Si, lo quiero comprar.
- Do you want to buy a present? - Yes, I want to buy one.


¡Cómpraselos!
Buy them for him!


¿Estás cantando tu canción favorita? Sí, la estoy cantando.
Are you singing your favourite song? Yes, I am singing it.


Rafa y Luis son simpáticos. Los quiero invitar a mi fiesta.
Rafa and Luis are nice. I want to invite them to my party.


¿Todavía no has recibido la cartaSeguro que ella va a escribirla mañana.
Have you not received the letter yet? I'm sure she'll write it tomorrow.


Se los quiere comprar.
She wants to buy them for him.


¿Todavía no has recibido la carta? Seguro que ella la va a escribir mañana.
Have you not received the letter yet? I am sure she'll write it tomorrow.


¿Estas cantando tu canción favorita? - Sí, estoy cantándola.
Are you singing your favorite song? - Yes, I'm singing it.


Q&A Forum 5 questions, 9 answers

GlendaA2Kwiziq community member

Indirect with direct object placement in a sentence

Why is "Te los voy a comprar."  only nearly correct?  Isn't this structure as correct as "Voy a comprartelos."?

Asked 3 months ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Glenda

Yes, they are both correct. But this is a multiple answer question and if you only chose 1 of them they system will give you a "nearly correct" result. 

Saludos

Inma

Indirect with direct object placement in a sentence

Why is "Te los voy a comprar."  only nearly correct?  Isn't this structure as correct as "Voy a comprartelos."?

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EmanuelB2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Invitarles, but ... Los quiero? If it is at the beginning it changes to los?

Asked 4 months ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Emanuel,

No, that was a typo. They should both be "los". They are both direct object pronouns.

It's been corrected.

Gracias,

Inma

Invitarles, but ... Los quiero? If it is at the beginning it changes to los?

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JohnB2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Micro quiz question

Hola,

The answer was "Voy a pedirle que me lleve a su casa" as translation of "I am going to ask her to take me home."

Why is the indirect object pronoun "le" used in this sentence and not "la" the direct object pronoun? I'm wondering whether it is something to do with the way that pedir is used e.g. "ask it of her." 

Can you help?

Thanks John

Asked 5 months ago
InmaKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hola John

Verb pedir in this context works like this:

  • Pedir (algo) (a alguien) (Lit: ask something to someone)

"A alguien" is an indirect object, which in the form of a pronoun becomes: "le" or "les".

"Le"and "les" as indirect object pronouns are the same for masculine or feminine. (not "la/las" as these would be direct object pronouns)

So, in this specific sentence you mention: "Voy a pedirle que me lleve a su casa" (I am going to ask her to take me home), "le" (her) is an indirect object pronoun.

I hope it is a bit more clear.

Saludos

Inma

JohnB2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Thanks Inma. Understood. John

Micro quiz question

Hola,

The answer was "Voy a pedirle que me lleve a su casa" as translation of "I am going to ask her to take me home."

Why is the indirect object pronoun "le" used in this sentence and not "la" the direct object pronoun? I'm wondering whether it is something to do with the way that pedir is used e.g. "ask it of her." 

Can you help?

Thanks John

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ClaraC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Not a question but an observation...

It makes me smile every time I see the character names used in the sentences... My father’s name was Luis and my brother is called Rafa (Rafael)! A happy coincidence :)

Asked 6 months agotourner; se tourner
InmaKwiziq team member

Nice names! very Spanish!

:))

ClaraC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

¡Yes they are Inma, gracias! :)

I also just want to say this:

Obviously we are paying for this, in my opinion, excellent course. However, I thinks it’s important to remember that you and Shui and all the Kwiziq team are doing your best: trying to guide us, giving us answers to our questions as soon as you can, sharing your valuable knowledge of the Spanish language etc.

For myself I just want to say thank you for always being so polite and helpful! It really is appreciated.

Whilst reading through the Q&A forum I was shocked at the rudeness displayed in some of the discussions. Nice manners cost nothing and some students on the course would do well to remember this.

Saludos

Clara :)

InmaKwiziq team member

That's a lovely comment Clara! Thank you very much. 

Not a question but an observation...

It makes me smile every time I see the character names used in the sentences... My father’s name was Luis and my brother is called Rafa (Rafael)! A happy coincidence :)

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LesA2Kwiziq community member

Request vs command and pronoun order

in the micro quiz, the option of “por favor Marta, les trae unas copas de vino” is considered incorrect. However, it could be a request rather than a command, using a more formal 3rd person Ud form, for example, where Marta is an older person than the speaker. I consider this option as possibly correct, and certainly NOT incorrect - it just doesn’t fit with the lesson very well, but that doesn’t make it wrong.
Asked 1 year ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Buenos días Les,

Either as a command or a formal request, you still need to place the pronoun right after the verb (as one word), so the two possible answers for this question "Please Marta, bring them some glasses of wine",

1. Por favor Marta, tráeles unas copas de vino.

2. Por favor Marta, tráigales unas copas de vino.

Un saludo

Inma

LesA2Kwiziq community member
Thank you.

Request vs command and pronoun order

in the micro quiz, the option of “por favor Marta, les trae unas copas de vino” is considered incorrect. However, it could be a request rather than a command, using a more formal 3rd person Ud form, for example, where Marta is an older person than the speaker. I consider this option as possibly correct, and certainly NOT incorrect - it just doesn’t fit with the lesson very well, but that doesn’t make it wrong.

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