Conjugate estar in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)

The verb estar (to be) is irregular in El Pretérito Indefinido:

yo

estuve

estuviste

él/ella/Ud.

estuvo

nosotros / nosotras

estuvimos

vosotros / vosotras

estuvisteis

ellos/ellas/Uds.

estuvieron

Here are some examples to look at and listen to:

Yo estuve en Cartagena el año pasado.
I was in Cartagena last year.

estuviste enfermo en el hospital.
You were sick in the hospital.

Él estuvo en mi pueblo hace un mes.
He was in my town a month ago.

Nosotros estuvimos en Brasil con amigos.
We were in Brazil with friends.

Vosotros estuvisteis en el concierto anoche.
You were at the concert last night.

Ellos estuvieron en el festival de verano.
They were at the summer festival.

Estar belongs to a group of verbs that all have a different stem but they share the same set of endings. To learn more about this have a look at Irregulares en Indefinido/mismas terminaciones.

Examples and resources

Ellos estuvieron en el festival de verano.
They were at the summer festival.


estuviste enfermo en el hospital.
You were sick in the hospital.


Vosotros estuvisteis en el concierto anoche.
You were at the concert last night.


Nosotros estuvimos en Brasil con amigos.
We were in Brazil with friends.


Él estuvo en mi pueblo hace un mes.
He was in my town a month ago.


Yo estuve en Cartagena el año pasado.
I was in Cartagena last year.


Q&A Forum 2 questions, 2 answers

PaulA2Kwiziq community member

On a football team?

I wondered what was meant here in the English?

Él estuvo en su equipo de fútbol.
He was on his football team.

Thanks

Asked 2 weeks ago
JohnB2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Hi Paul,

It means that he is "part of" the team. This meaning of "en" as "part of" is one of those unusual ones for us to get our heads around. We tend to say "on the team" or "in the team" and in the same way "part of" is best translated as "on / in." 

Hope this helps.

Saludos

John

On a football team?

I wondered what was meant here in the English?

Él estuvo en su equipo de fútbol.
He was on his football team.

Thanks

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SandyA2Kwiziq community member

What would help with some of the examples, to clarify why it is preterito that should be used, not imperfecto, is to give more context...

For example: We were in Brazil with friends could easily also use estabamos, if it were the setting for when something happened:

Estábamos en Brasil con amigos cuando ella murió

La semana pasada, estuvimos en Brasil con amigos

Asked 1 year ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Sandy

As this lesson is a conjugation one, so we want to test the "form" not the "usage" we always give hints to which tense to conjugate. Some sentences that we've used have time frames but others don't as they are not essential.

When we make a lesson about when to use a specific tense or choosing between one tense or another you will always find a time frame to help you choose.

Gracias y un saludo

What would help with some of the examples, to clarify why it is preterito that should be used, not imperfecto, is to give more context...

For example: We were in Brazil with friends could easily also use estabamos, if it were the setting for when something happened:

Estábamos en Brasil con amigos cuando ella murió

La semana pasada, estuvimos en Brasil con amigos

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Let me take a look at that...