When we introduce a sentence with a verb that expresses a wish or a feeling, whether affirmative or negative, it is followed by the subjunctive. For example:
- "deseo que" (I wish that...)
- "me preocupa que..." (I worry that...)
- "prefiero que..." (I prefer that...)
Let's see some examples expressing "wish":
Let's see some examples expressing "feeling":
Here are some more common "wish" or "feeling" phrases which apply this rule:
- Me gusta que... (I like that...)
- No me gusta que... (I don't like that...)
- Me alegra que... (It makes me happy that...)
- No me molesta que... (It doesn't bother me that...)
- Me da igual que... (I don't care if...)
- No me importa que... (I don't mind if...)
- Me encanta que... (I love that...)
Have a look and listen to these examples:
Notice how in all the sentences above the subject of the introductory phrase is not the same as the one in the subordinate phrase:
Te deseo que seas muy feliz en el futuro.
deseo = I wish / seas = you are
This condition must be met in order to use the subjunctive in sentences that express "wish" and "feeling".
However, if the subject is the same in the main and subordinate clause, we would use the infinitive (-ar, -er, -ir form) instead:
Deseo ser feliz en el futuro.
Notice there is no "que" in this case.
I wish to be happy in the future. (=I wish that I am happy in the future.)
- Using esperar que + El Presente de Subjuntivo to express hope
- Using the subjunctive to express doubt or uncertainty
- Querer que is always followed by El Subjuntivo (present subjunctive)