In Spanish there are different ways to express a completed action. We can use the verb tener with this purpose too.
Learn about accumulated actions with tener + past participle in SpanishIn Spanish we can use the verb tener followed by a past participle to express the completion of an action. The effect of using this verbal structure is similar to using haber + participle, however using tener gives a nuance of a result obtained after accumulation or repetition of actions.
Let's see some examples:
Notice how the past participle must agree in gender and number with the noun acting as a direct object. (escritas/páginas; pintadas/habitaciones: feminine plural noun)
Here are some more examples:
In all of the above sentences there is a nuance of an accumulation or repetition of actions to get to a result.
implies that there is a repetition of an action, in this case, painting rooms, one after another, with a result expressed with "tengo pintadas dos habitaciones".
implies that there has been an accumulation of "thinking" with a result expressed with "tienes pensada".
If we simply used the perfect tense with haber, this nuance wouldn't exist. It would just express a completed action.
He pintado dos habitaciones.
He pensado en la estrategia.
Bear in mind that the object can be expressed with an infinitive; in this case, the past participle is singular as if it was a singular noun:
Sometimes this verbal structure implies an indication of keeping someone in a certain state (sometimes as a result following an accumulation/repetition of events). For example:
Notice how in all the examples there is a direct object pronoun (me, nos, la) because it is always about the effect on "someone".
Note on pensar/decidir
Bear in mind that the verbs pensar and decidir are often used with tener to express to have something figured out (more than the literal to have something thought/decided), so we often use tener decidido algo and tener pensado algo with the idea of having something worked out, having thought over it and come to a conclusion.
Ya tengo pensado un buen plan para esta noche.
I've got a plan all worked out for tonight.
No tengo decidido qué voy a ponerme.
I haven't figured out what I'm wearing.
There is a very similar structure conveying the same meaning. See Using llevar + past participle to express the completion of an action so far (perífrasis verbal)
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