Using numbers + nouns

In Spanish, nouns can be preceded by numbers.

Read and listen to these examples:

Tengo dos cuadernos rojos.
I have two red exercise books.

Tengo dos maletas rojas.
I have two red suitcases.

Son catorce euros.
It's fourteen euros.

Hay catorce millas a Madrid.
There are fourteen miles to Madrid.

In the examples above, the number is invariable and it never changes its form, when referring to masculine or feminine nouns.

Careful:

Uno becomes un, una, when placed before a noun, and it can mean "one" or "a".

Tengo uno libro. UN
I have a (one) book.

María tiene uno tortuga. UNA
María has a (one) turtle.

Now, look at these other examples with bigger numbers:

Hay doscientos cincuenta pájaros en Doñana.
There are two hundred and fifty birds in Doñana.

Hay doscientas cincuenta camisetas en la tienda.
There are two hundred and fifty T-shirts in the shop.

Tengo quinientas libras.
I have five hundred pounds.

El colegio tiene quinientos alumnos.
The school has five hundred pupils.

Note that in the examples above, whole hundreds from 200 onwards (200, 300, 400, 500, 600, etc.) agree with the noun they precede. Be careful because with other hundreds like 203, 345, etc., the tens and units do not change, just the hundreds!

Special case: one hundred= cien

Number 100 in Spanish is invariable when accompanying both masculine and feminine nouns. Have a look:

Cien niños.
One hundred boys.

Cien niñas.
One hundred girls.

However, when it is more than one hundred it takes a different form: ciento

Have a look:

Ciento diez niños.
One hundred and ten boys.

Ciento diez niñas.
One hundred and ten girls.

However it remains the same whether masculine or feminine.

See also Using plural definite article + number + noun.

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Cien niños.
One hundred boys.


Son catorce euros.
It's fourteen euros.


Tengo quinientas libras.
I have five hundred pounds.


Tengo dos maletas rojas.
I have two red suitcases.


Tengo dos cuadernos rojos.
I have two red exercise books.


Ciento diez niñas.
One hundred and ten girls.


Hay catorce millas a Madrid.
There are fourteen miles to Madrid.


El colegio tiene quinientos alumnos.
The school has five hundred pupils.


Ciento diez niños.
One hundred and ten boys.


Tengo uno libro. UN
I have a (one) book.


Hay doscientas cincuenta camisetas en la tienda.
There are two hundred and fifty T-shirts in the shop.


Cien niñas.
One hundred girls.


María tiene uno tortuga. UNA
María has a (one) turtle.


Hay doscientos cincuenta pájaros en Doñana.
There are two hundred and fifty birds in Doñana.


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