Learn about the Spanish desde que and hasta que
Desde que (since...) and Hasta que (until...) are used in Spanish to talk about the beginning and the end of an action respectively.
They are subordinate sentences that depend on a main clause.
We can use desde que with the indicative or the subjunctive.
Desde que + indicative
We generally use desde que with the indicative in both present and past tenses. For example:
Desde que + subjunctive
When talking about past actions we can also use it with the subjunctive, but this makes it sound more formal.
When using desde que expressing an action that will take place in the future, we then use it with the subjunctive, also as a subordinate clause. For example:
We can use hasta que with the indicative or the subjunctive.
Hasta que + indicative
When we are talking about present and past events. For example:
Hasta que + subjunctive
When we are talking about a future event that is yet to happen. For example:
Remember, in Spanish we cannot omit "que" - these are all subordinate sentences and "que" is required. This would be incorrect:
No me despiertes hasta haya dormido al menos 4 horas.
Don't wake me up until I have slept a minimum of 4 hours.
Desde me levanto hasta me acuesto estoy pensando en ti.
Since I wake up until I go to bed I think of you.
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