The neutral article "lo" can be used with possessive pronouns (mío, tuyo, suyo, nuestro, vuestro, suyo) meaning "that thing that is mine, yours, his.../that thing about me, you, him...". This can refer to physical objects or abstract ideas.
Let's see how it works:
No he mencionado a nadie lo mío.I haven't mentioned to anyone that thing about me/my thing.
Lo tuyo con Andrés me parece una locura."Your thing" with Andrés (I think) is crazy.
Lo nuestro es vuestro.What is ours is yours.
In all the above examples the speaker is referring to something that has been mentioned before or is known by both the speaker and listener.
- To talk about what a person does/doesn't do well
Lo mío es la pintura.Painting is my thing.
No insistas porque ligar no es lo tuyo.Don't insist because flirting is not your thing.
-¿Vienes a la discoteca? -No, gracias, bailar no es lo mío. Me quedo en casa.-Are you coming to the disco? -No, thanks. Dancing is not my thing/my cup of tea. I'll stay at home.
- To talk about someone's own interests
Ella siempre va a lo suyo. No se relaciona mucho con los demás.She always goes about her own business. She doesn't hang out a lot with others.
¡Vamos, cada uno a lo suyo! Estáis perdiendo el tiempo charlando tanto.Come on, everyone get back to what you're supposed to be doing. You are wasting time with so much chatting.
Tú, a lo tuyo. No te metas en sus asuntos.You, mind your own business. Don't pry into his problems.
- To express what is/would be ideal or most appropriate
Lo suyo sería que repartieran todo a partes iguales.The appropriate thing [to do] would be to share everything equally.
-Espero que en Barcelona podamos visitar iglesia de la Sagrada Familia. -Eso sería lo suyo.-I hope in Barcelona we can visit La Sagrada Familia. -That would be ideal.
Note that in the last case, we can only use "suyo", not the other pronouns.
Notice that in all of the examples above, and in all contexts, we always use the article "lo" and the masculine singular form of the possessive pronoun, regardless of the gender of the subject.
This would be incorrect:
- "Ella siempre va a lo suya"
- "Ella siempre va a la suya"
Possessive pronouns can also be used with the definite articles el/la/los/las. To revise this see:
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