Forming the singular of masculine and feminine adjectives ending in -z and -l

Most Spanish adjectives that end in -z  and -l remain unchanged for the feminine singular.

Have a look and listen to these examples:

Antonio es un marido fiel.
Antonio is a faithful husband.

Cristina es una esposa fiel.
Cristina is a faithful wife.

Mi hijo es feliz.
My son is happy.

Mi hija es feliz.
My daughter is happy.

Notice how the form doesn't change when refering to a masculine noun or a feminine noun.

Be careful! There are two exceptions to this rule which are:

  1. The adjective "andaluz" (Andalusian)
    El chico andaluz. (The Andalusian boy)
    La chica andaluza. (The Andalusian girl )
  2. The adjective "español" ( Spanish)
    El chico español. (The Spanish boy)
    La chica española. (The Spanish girl)

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Mi hijo es feliz.
My son is happy.


Cristina es una esposa fiel.
Cristina is a faithful wife.


Antonio es un marido fiel.
Antonio is a faithful husband.


Mi hija es feliz.
My daughter is happy.


Q&A Forum 1 question, 1 answer

TonyaA2Kwiziq community member

Feminine vs Masculine

1 IncorrectYouThe answersListenMore1Esta medicina es muy ________.This medicine is very effective.HINT: eficaz = masculine for adjective "effective"eficazeficaza How do I know when to make the word feminine or masculine because the rule does not seem to consistently apply to all words ending in -z and -l  when the noun is feminine. eficaeficace
Asked 9 months ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Tonya

In the lesson we explain that "most" adjectives that end in -l or -z have the same form for masculine and feminine. We also give two exceptions for you to consider as they are two common adjectives (español and andaluz). 

We wouldn't include in the tests any other exception apart from those. That would be unfair. 

Hope this helps.

Inma

Feminine vs Masculine

1 IncorrectYouThe answersListenMore1Esta medicina es muy ________.This medicine is very effective.HINT: eficaz = masculine for adjective "effective"eficazeficaza How do I know when to make the word feminine or masculine because the rule does not seem to consistently apply to all words ending in -z and -l  when the noun is feminine. eficaeficace

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