Every Spanish past tense has a continuous (progressive) form to express an action which is continuing or ongoing in the past.
Learn about El Pretérito Perfecto Progresivo in Spanish
The progressive tense of the El Pretérito Perfecto is formed following this pattern for most regular verbs:
It works the same way as the English present perfect progressive "have been doing". But remember it is "estar" and not "ser".
And what is a gerund in Spanish?
Here is a reminder of what a present participle/gerund is in Spanish and how to form them:
Gerundio/Spanish present participle
Forming regular gerunds in Spanish (-ing form)
Forming irregular gerunds in Spanish (-ing form)
Look at and listen to these examples:
He estado estudiando durante horas.I have been studying for hours.
Estás sudoroso. ¿Has estado bailando?You are sweaty. Have you been dancing? [you=tú]
Laura ha estado viendo a su novio a escondidas.Laura has been seeing her boyfriend secretly.
Hemos estado hablando sobre las próximas vacaciones.We have been talking about the next holidays.
Habéis estado chateando por skype una hora.You have been chatting through Skype for an hour. [you=vosotros]
Han estado leyendo las condiciones del contrato.They have been reading the terms and conditions of the contract.
Ustedes han estado quejándose todo el tiempo.You have been complaining all the time.
The Spanish present perfect progressive
Verbs ending in -AR
LLAMAR (to call)
Verbs ending in -ER, -IR
APRENDER (to learn)
VIVIR (to live)
For irregular gerunds see List of Spanish irregular gerunds/present participles of the form -iendo and List of Spanish irregular gerunds/present participles of the form -yendo
See also: Forming the pluperfect progressive tense in Spanish with estar + present participle (El Pluscuamperfecto Progresivo)
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