Conjugate ser in El Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto (present perfect)

The verb ser (to be) is regular in El Pretérito Perfecto:

yo he  
has  
él/ella/usted ha   + sido
nosotros /-as hemos   
vosotros/-as habéis  
ellos /-as /ustedes han  

Like all regular verbs in El Pretérito Perfecto, it is formed by auxiliary verb haber in El Presente and its regular participle (sido).

Read and listen to these sentences with ser

Yo he sido siempre un hombre celoso.
I have always been a jealous man.

Tú no has sido nunca honesta conmigo.
You have never been honest with me.

Mi hija ha sido muy cariñosa toda su vida.
My daughter has been very loving all her life.

Nosotros hemos sido egoístas.
We have been selfish.

Vosotras habéis sido muy rápidas en la carrera.
You [plural informal] have been very fast on the race.

Los anfitriones han sido muy serviciales.
The hosts have been very accomodating.

Be careful with this special case:

- ¿Quién ha roto el jarrón?  -Yo no he sido, han sido ellos.
-Who broke the vase? - It wasn't me, it was them.

Notice how the expression in English is completely different to the Spanish. In Spanish we literally say "I have not been, they have been."

It would be incorrect to say "No fue yo" "No fue me" or "No fue ellos".

 

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Mi hija ha sido muy cariñosa toda su vida.
My daughter has been very loving all her life.


Vosotras habéis sido muy rápidas en la carrera.
You [plural informal] have been very fast on the race.


Tú no has sido nunca honesta conmigo.
You have never been honest with me.


Yo he sido siempre un hombre celoso.
I have always been a jealous man.


Nosotros hemos sido egoístas.
We have been selfish.


Los anfitriones han sido muy serviciales.
The hosts have been very accomodating.


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