Conjugate regular -er and -ir verbs in El Presente de Subjuntivo (present subjunctive)


To conjugate regular -er and -ir Spanish verbs in El Presente de Subjuntivo , the stem is the same as the yo form of the present indicative (e.g. yo bebo) and -o is replaced with:

yo -a
-as
él / ella / Ud. -a
nosotros / nostotras  -amos
vosotros / vosotras -áis
ellos / ellas / Uds.   -an
Read and listen to these examples:

Es mejor que yo coma despacio.
It is better if I eat slowly.

No quiero que tú bebas cerveza.
I don't want you to drink beer.

Espero que vivas feliz en tu apartamento nuevo.
I hope you live happily in your new flat.

No escribáis en ese papel, por favor.
Don't write on that piece of paper, please.

Espero que vivan felices.
I hope they live happily.

Quizás ellos abran el regalo más tarde.
They may open the present a bit later.

¡No leamos hoy!
Let's not read today!



This table shows two common verbs that follow this pattern:

  COMER
to eat
VIVIR
to live
 yo coma viva
  comas vivas

él / ella
usted

coma viva
nosotros 
nosotras
comamos vivamos
vosotros 
vosotras
comáis viváis
ellos / ellas
ustedes
coman vivan

 

Notice all these forms for -er and -ir verbs have switched to using the vowel -a- (whereas -ar verbs switch to using -e-)!

See Conjugate regular -ar verbs in El Presente de Subjuntivo (present subjunctive)

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Espero que vivas feliz en tu apartamento nuevo.
I hope you live happily in your new flat.


No escribáis en ese papel, por favor.
Don't write on that piece of paper, please.


Es mejor que yo coma despacio.
It is better if I eat slowly.


Espero que vivan felices.
I hope they live happily.


¡No leamos hoy!
Let's not read today!


No quiero que tú bebas cerveza.
I don't want you to drink beer.


Quizás ellos abran el regalo más tarde.
They may open the present a bit later.


Q&A

Meghan

Kwiziq community member

3 August 2018

1 reply

Hello - Are some of the subjunctive examples actually in the imperative mood? For example: No leamos hoy!

Inma

Kwiziq language super star

3 August 2018

3/08/18

Hola Meghan,

The negative commands (negative imperative) for all subjects (tú, vosotros, usted, ustedes, nosotros) will take the form of their present subjunctive, that's why this command: "¡No leamos hoy!" (Let's not read today!) is in the subjunctive form. These two lessons will help you with this: 

https://progress.lawlessspanish.com/revision/grammar/forming-the-imperative-of-tu-vosotrosvosotras-negative-commands

https://progress.lawlessspanish.com/revision/grammar/forming-the-imperative-for-ustedustedsnosotros-affirmative-and-negative-commands

I hope this helps.

Inma

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