Why subjunctive!?


Kwiziq community member

23 June 2018

2 replies

Why subjunctive!?

In the example:

"Los que hayan reservado con antelación pueden ir a esa ventanilla"

why is it 'hayan' and not 'han'?

This question relates to:
Spanish lesson "Using el que, la que, los que, las que = the one/ones who/that (relative pronouns)"


Kwiziq language super star

23 June 2018


Hola Alan

You can use both, subjunctive and indicative.

With subjunctive, "Los que hayan reservado con antelación pueden ir a esa ventanilla", the speaker doesn't know who the people who booked in advance are, therefore the subjunctive is used. However, with indicative, "Los que han reservado con antelación pueden ir a esa ventanilla", it is as if the speaker has seen a list of those people so he knows who they are. 

A "flexible" translation of the first one would probably be "If you've booked in advance please go to that desk".



Kwiziq community member

24 June 2018


Thanks, that's clearer.

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