How do you know when to use este/esta/estos/estas OR las/los? For example, would you say "ESTAS sillas están ocupadas" or "LAS sillas están ocupadas"?

Celia

Kwiziq community member

21 March 2019

1 reply

How do you know when to use este/esta/estos/estas OR las/los? For example, would you say "ESTAS sillas están ocupadas" or "LAS sillas están ocupadas"?

This question relates to:
Spanish lesson "Using este, esta, estos, estas to say this/these (demonstrative adjectives)"

Inma

Kwiziq language super star

22 March 2019

22/03/19

Hola Celia

They mean different things, the same way they do in English. 

Estas is more specific, "These chairs" =Estas sillas

Las is more general, "The chairs" = Las sillas

If you say "estas" you are referring to some specific chairs and you are probably pointing at them in front of you. If you say "las" you are either referring to chairs in general, or your listener knows which chairs you are referring to without being specific as they are the only chairs in the room, for example, so you would use "las".

Hope this clarifies it.

Inma

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