When the conjunction y becomes e

There are specific cases when the conjunction y (meaning and) becomes e.

  • When the word that follows y starts with i-.

Marcos e Inma llegaron ayer por la tarde.Marcos and Inma arrived yesterday afternoon.

Vimos muchos museos e iglesias en Roma.We saw lots of museums and churches in Rome.

  • When the word that follows y starts with hi-.

Remember that the letter h is not pronounced in Spanish.

Padres e hijos son bienvenidos a nuestro club.Parents and children are welcome in our club.

Necesitas aguja e hilo para coser ese vestido.You need needle and thread to mend that dress.

Exception:

If the word following y starts with "hie-", which makes the whole syllable sound more like the consonant "y-", then the conjunction y does not become e. For example:

Las legumbres aportan proteínas y hierro a nuestro cuerpo.Pulses provide proteins and iron for our bodies.

Sounds like [yerro]

Debes añadir limón y hielo a ese cóctel.You must add lemon and ice to that cocktail.

Sounds like [yelo]

Want to make sure your Spanish sounds confident? We’ll map your knowledge and give you free lessons to focus on your gaps and mistakes. Start your Braimap today »

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Padres e hijos son bienvenidos a nuestro club.Parents and children are welcome in our club.
Vimos muchos museos e iglesias en Roma.We saw lots of museums and churches in Rome.
Las legumbres aportan proteínas y hierro a nuestro cuerpo.Pulses provide proteins and iron for our bodies.
Marcos e Inma llegaron ayer por la tarde.Marcos and Inma arrived yesterday afternoon.
Debes añadir limón y hielo a ese cóctel.You must add lemon and ice to that cocktail.
Necesitas aguja e hilo para coser ese vestido.You need needle and thread to mend that dress.
Let me take a look at that...