Some -iar verbs in El Presente take an accent (liar, enviar, criar)

Most verbs that end in -iar in Spanish have a regular conjugation in El Presente, e.g. cambiar, estudiar, apreciar, copiar. However, some verbs follow the regular conjugation except also take a written accent in most forms of the present. Some of these common verbs are:

enviar (to send)

liar (to roll/to wrap)

criar (to raise/to bring up)

fotografiar (to photograph)

Here is how they are conjugated in El Presente:

  enviar liar criar fotografiar
yo envío lío crío fotografío
envías lías crías fotografías
él/ella/usted envía lía cría fotografía
nosotros/-as enviamos liamos criamos   fotografiamos
vosotros/-as enviáis liáis criáis fotografiáis
ellos/-as/ustedes envían lían crían fotografían

The verb in the infinitive has the stress on the -ar at the end of the word: envi-ar, li-ar, cri-ar, fotografi-ar. However, when it is conjugated in the present, the stress is on the -i in the yo, , él and ellos forms. In the nosotros and vosotros forms, the stress in on the -a at the end of the verb.

In order to break the syllable into two (i.e. to break the diphthong) and make the -i the stressed vowel, we put a written accent on it. Have a look at: Accents on diphthongs

Here are some examples:

Si enviáis la carta ahora, llegará a España en tres días.If you send the letter now, it will arrive in Spain in three days.

Marta cría a sus hijos sola, sin ayuda.Marta is raising her children on her own, with no help.

Yo siempre lío los regalos en plástico de burbujas para protegerlos.I always wrap presents in bubble wrap to protect them.

Los participantes del curso fotografían paisajes.The participants of the course photograph landscapes.

Here is a list of verbs ending in -iar that need the accent.

Here is a list of regular verbs ending in -iar that do not take the accent.

See also -uar verbs in El Presente (actuar, continuar)

Want to make sure your Spanish sounds confident? We’ll map your knowledge and give you free lessons to focus on your gaps and mistakes. Start your Braimap today »

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Los participantes del curso fotografían paisajes.The participants of the course photograph landscapes.
Marta cría a sus hijos sola, sin ayuda.Marta is raising her children on her own, with no help.
Yo siempre lío los regalos en plástico de burbujas para protegerlos.I always wrap presents in bubble wrap to protect them.
Si enviáis la carta ahora, llegará a España en tres días.If you send the letter now, it will arrive in Spain in three days.
How has your day been?