Months of the year are masculine

Months of the year in Spanish are always masculine.

  • enero (January)
  • febrero (February)
  • marzo (March)
  • abril (April)
  • mayo (May)
  • junio (June)
  • julio (July)
  • agosto (August)
  • septiembre (September)
  • octubre (October)
  • noviembre (November)
  • diciembre (December)

Read and listen to these examples:

El mes de febrero es corto.
February is a short month.

Enero es lluvioso.
January is rainy.

Agosto es caluroso en Sevilla.
August is hot in Seville.

Julio es siempre divertido porque voy a la playa.
July is always fun because I go to the beach.

Noviembre y diciembre son fríos.
November and December are cold.

Therefore, even though months are not normally used with the article el/un, any adjectives that relate to months must agree in gender with them, always in the masculine from.

This would be incorrect:

Julio es calurosa.
Note also that in Spanish months, just like days of the week,  are not capitalised unless they are at the beginning of a sentence. 

See also:

 

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Enero es lluvioso.
January is rainy.


El mes de febrero es corto.
February is a short month.


Noviembre y diciembre son fríos.
November and December are cold.


Julio es siempre divertido porque voy a la playa.
July is always fun because I go to the beach.


Agosto es caluroso en Sevilla.
August is hot in Seville.


Q&A

Lyn

Kwiziq community member

19 May 2019

3 replies

Which adjectives could you use with "octubre"?

 It depends where you live!  I live in the southern hemisphere. My answers would be different to someone living in the northern hemisphere. Por favor, I would like to suggest the name of the country is added to the question. So ... "Which adjectives could you use to describe Spain's weather in octubre?"  I hated getting marked "incorrect" when I was actually correct!  Gracias and I love this course.

Inma

Kwiziq language super star

20 May 2019

20/05/19

Hola Lynn

Our intention with this type of question is for the student to realise that the months of the year are always "masculine", not feminine, therefore any adjective that accompanies them must be in masculine. So you would have to choose the adjectives that have a masculine form, not the ones in feminine.

Hope this helps

Inma

Lyn

Kwiziq community member

20 May 2019

20/05/19

Hola Inma

 "Which weather adjectives could you use with octobre?

I think you misunderstood my question?  October's weather in various countries is different - based on the seasons.  

I think we would use the opposite masculine adjectives to describe the October weather for different countries. e.g. Canada - autumn ,  New Zealand - spring ) That's why I suggested we should be told which country's weather we had to describe with masculine adjectives. 

 If Spain or the name of a particular country is masculine,  couldn't  masculine adjectives like frio/viento/nublado be used?

 Putting either Canada, Spain or New Zealand etc. in the question does not seem to me to compromise what you are saying about having masculine adjectives. Please tell me if I'm wrong. Gracias.

Lyn

Kwiziq community member

20 May 2019

20/05/19

Enero es lluvioso.January is rainy.

It might be rainy somewhere in the world but it certainly is not in Australia or New Zealand!

Ah! Great! This tells me exactly whose weather you are describing ...

Agosto es caluroso en Sevilla.August is hot in Seville.

Getting that for you now.