Nouns ending wtih -ista and -crata usually refer to people and can be either masculine or feminine, depending on who you are referring to.
Read and listen to these examples with the noun dentista:
El dentista me hizo un empaste ayer.The (male) dentist gave me a filling yesterday.
La dentista dice que me lave los dientes todos los días.The (female) dentist told me to brush my teeth every day.
Los dentistas se reunieron en el colegio médico.The (all male or mixture of male and female) dentists met at the medical college.
Las dentistas ayudan a los niños siempre.The (female) dentists always help the children.
As you can see above, both masculine and feminine singular forms are identical. You only need to change the article to specify if it is male or female. To make the plural for either gender, simply add an -s.
El oculista. Los oculistasThe optician. The opticians
La feminista. Las feministasThe feminist. The feminists
Nouns ending in -ista
Here you can see other nouns ending in -ista following the same rule as dentista, referring to jobs or someone supporting an idea or ideology:
- periodista (journalist)
- futbolista (football player)
- artista (artist)
- colonialista (colonialist)
- centrista (centrist)
- izquierdista (politically left-wing)
- derechista (politically right-wing)
Nouns ending in -crata
Nouns ending in -crata denote someone "in favour of a government or an ideas system" and follow the same rule as the -ista nouns:
Un autócrata muy conocido fue el zar de Rusia.A well-known (male) autocrat was the Tsar of Russia.
La burócrata vive bien de su sueldo.The (female) bureaucrat lives well from her salary.
Los aristócratas poseen muchas propiedades en el extranjero.The (all male or mixture of male and female) aristocrats possess many properties abroad.
Las demócratas respetan las opiniones ajenas.The (female) democrats respect other people's opinions.
See also Género.
Want to make sure your Spanish sounds confident?
We’ll map your knowledge and give you free lessons to focus on your
gaps and mistakes. Start your Braimap today »