Gender and plural formation of nouns ending in -e

Some Spanish nouns that end in -e are masculine and some others are feminine. See the following examples:

El coche no funciona.
The car is not working.

Te gusta el chocolate.
You like chocolate.

Tengo una llave para el buzón.
I have a key for the letter box.

La noche es oscura y silenciosa.
The night is dark and silent.

Whichever gender they have, they all form their plural by adding an -s. 

Read and listen to these examples:

El ingrediente es caro. Los ingredientes son caros.
The ingredient is expensive. The ingredients are expensive.

La vidente es buena. Las videntes son buenas.
The clairvoyant is good. The clairvoyants are good.

El aceite es graso. Los aceites son grasos.
The oil is greasy. The oils are greasy.

La carne es sabrosa. Las carnes son sabrosas. 
The meat is tasty. The meats are tasty.

See also Forming regular masculine and feminine nouns (singular and plural).

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

El aceite es graso. Los aceites son grasos.
The oil is greasy. The oils are greasy.


Te gusta el chocolate.
You like chocolate.


El ingrediente es caro. Los ingredientes son caros.
The ingredient is expensive. The ingredients are expensive.


Tengo una llave para el buzón.
I have a key for the letter box.


La vidente es buena. Las videntes son buenas.
The clairvoyant is good. The clairvoyants are good.


El coche no funciona.
The car is not working.


La carne es sabrosa. Las carnes son sabrosas. 
The meat is tasty. The meats are tasty.


La noche es oscura y silenciosa.
The night is dark and silent.


Q&A Forum 1 question, 1 answer

JamesB1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Sobre un título sobre un título de una lección

¿Cómo lo puede que "El Pretérito Perfecto" significa "(present perfect)"?
Este es el título del uno de mis lecciones bajo de sujeto, ¨Conjugate ver in El Pretérito Perfecto (present perfect)".
 
He lo tratado pero, me parece que es muy difícil a preguntar una pregunta en el forum en una moda que consigue para mi una respuesta.

Gracias, Jaime
Asked 1 month ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Jaime,

In Spanish this perfect tense formed by verb haber in the present and the past participle of the main verb , e.g. have seen/ he visto, is called El Pretérito Perfecto or El Pretérito Perfecto compuesto. In Spanish, the name of the tense doesn't contain the word "present". In English though it does. One of the theories, as far as I know, is that this tense refers to a past but also linked somehow with the present. For example:

"She has lived in Manchester for 6 years."

Using the present perfect here means that she is "still" living in Manchester, so there is a connection to the present time. This is probably why in English grammar its name is "Present Perfect".

Un saludo,

Inma

Sobre un título sobre un título de una lección

¿Cómo lo puede que "El Pretérito Perfecto" significa "(present perfect)"?
Este es el título del uno de mis lecciones bajo de sujeto, ¨Conjugate ver in El Pretérito Perfecto (present perfect)".
 
He lo tratado pero, me parece que es muy difícil a preguntar una pregunta en el forum en una moda que consigue para mi una respuesta.

Gracias, Jaime

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