Forming the plural of masculine and feminine adjectives ending in -e and -a

Spanish adjectives that end in -e or -a form their plural by adding an -s. 

This applies to both the masculine and feminine plural form because these adjectives are invariable: they remain the same in their masculine and feminine forms. Have a look and listen to these examples:

Carolina lleva unos zapatos elegantes.
Carolina is wearing elegant shoes.

Carolina lleva unas gafas elegantes.
Carolina is wearing elegant glasses.

Los alumnos del instituto son terribles.
The students in the high school are terrible.

Las instalaciones del instituto son terribles.
The facilities at the high school are terrible.

Ellos son dos actores canadienses.
They are two Canadian actors.

Ellas son dos actrices canadienses.
They are two Canadian actresses.

Hay compañeros hipócritas en mi trabajo.
There are hypocritical male colleagues at work.

Hay compañeras hipócritas en mi trabajo.
There are hypocritical female colleagues at work.

Debo comprar unos gorros verdes.
I must buy some green hats.

Debo comprar unas camisetas verdes.
I must buy some green t-shirts.

See also:

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Hay compañeras hipócritas en mi trabajo.
There are hypocritical female colleagues at work.


Ellos son dos actores canadienses.
They are two Canadian actors.


Los alumnos del instituto son terribles.
The students in the high school are terrible.


Carolina lleva unas gafas elegantes.
Carolina is wearing elegant glasses.


Debo comprar unos gorros verdes.
I must buy some green hats.


Carolina lleva unos zapatos elegantes.
Carolina is wearing elegant shoes.


Las instalaciones del instituto son terribles.
The facilities at the high school are terrible.


Debo comprar unas camisetas verdes.
I must buy some green t-shirts.


Hay compañeros hipócritas en mi trabajo.
There are hypocritical male colleagues at work.


Ellas son dos actrices canadienses.
They are two Canadian actresses.


Q&A

William

Kwiziq community member

18 August 2018

1 reply

Usually adjectives ending in "a" can also end in "o" to differentiate gender. But here "hipócrita" is invariable. What other "a" words are like that

Silvia

Kwiziq language super star

18 August 2018

18/08/18

¡Hola William! You can find here more examples of invariable adjectives ending by -e and -a:

https://progress.lawlessspanish.com/studylists/view/709332

Silvia.

I'll be right with you...