Forming the passive voice with progressive tenses in Spanish
The passive voice in Spanish can be used in all tenses, simple tenses, compound tenses and also progressive tenses.
Let's see some sentences where the passive voice is used with progressive tenses:
As you can see, in progressive tenses we will always find verb estar followed by a present participle.
Estar will be conjugated in the tense needed and will be followed by "siendo".
Estar (conjugated) + siendo + past participle
Let's see the steps required to turn an active sentence in a progressive tense into its passive equivalent:
1. The object from the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence. (El gato)
2. Place "siendo" straight after estar. (está siendo)
3. Use the past participle form of the present participle in the active sentence. (observando → observado) The past participle must agree in gender and number with the subject. (gato/observado)
4. Use "por" to make the subject from the active sentence the agent (the sujeto agente). (por el perro)
El perro estaba observando al gato. (active - imperfect progressive tense) →
El perro estará observando al gato. (active - future progressive tense) →
El perro ha estado observando al gato. (active - present perfect progressive tense) →
El perro estaría observando al gato. (active - conditional progressive tense) →
Bear in mind that not all progressive perfect tenses translate literally to English.
Las fresas habían estado siendo recolectadas.
The strawberries had been being collected.
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