Conjugate stem-changing (g > j) verbs: -ger and -gir verbs in the present tense (El Presente))

Spanish verbs ending in -ger and -gir replace the -g- with a -j- only in the yo form in El Presente. This is to maintain the original sound of the infinitive.

Here are two verbs that undergo this change:

Conjugation of stem-changing verb "proteger" in the present tense in Spanish

  PROTEGER
to protect
 yo protejo
  proteges

él / ella
usted

protege
nosotros 
nosotras
protegemos
vosotros 
vosotras
protegéis
ellos / ellas
ustedes
protegen
Notice how the -g- from the infinitive has switched to a -j- in the yo form.

Conjugation of stem-changing verb "dirigir" in the present tense in Spanish

  DIRIGIR
to lead
 yo dirijo
  diriges

él / ella
usted

dirige
nosotros 
nosotras
dirigimos
vosotros 
vosotras
dirigís
ellos / ellas
ustedes
dirigen

Notice how the -g- from the infinitive has switched to a -j- in the yo form.

Other verbs affected by this change are:

  • Coger (to take)
  • Acoger  (to take in)
  • Recoger  (to pick up)
  • Escoger  (to choose)
  • Exigir  (to demand)
  • Sumergir  (to plunge)
  • Fingir  (to pretend)

 Have a look and listen to these examples:

Yo cojo el autobús todos los días.I take the bus every day.

Siempre recojo mi habitación.I always tidy up my room.

Marta escoge muy bien su ropa.Marta chooses her clothes very well .

Nosotros protegemos el medio ambiente con el reciclaje.We protect the environment by recycling.

Mis abuelos exigen respeto para los mayores.My grandparents demand respect for the elderly.

Ustedes acogen a niños sirios durante el verano.You take in Syrian children during the summer.

Yo protejo a mi hija demasiado.I protect my daughter too much.

 

For more verbs that follow this pattern see Verb list: -ger/-gir stem-changing verbs (g > j).

Want to make sure your Spanish sounds confident? We’ll map your knowledge and give you free lessons to focus on your gaps and mistakes. Start your Braimap today »

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Yo protejo a mi hija demasiado.I protect my daughter too much.
Ustedes acogen a niños sirios durante el verano.You take in Syrian children during the summer.
Marta escoge muy bien su ropa.Marta chooses her clothes very well .
Siempre recojo mi habitación.I always tidy up my room.
Nosotros protegemos el medio ambiente con el reciclaje.We protect the environment by recycling.
Yo cojo el autobús todos los días.I take the bus every day.
Mis abuelos exigen respeto para los mayores.My grandparents demand respect for the elderly.
Getting that for you now...