Modal verbs

AlexanderA2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Modal verbs

¡Hola!

Let's have a look at the examples:

1) 

- Sorry, I couldn't come yesterday, I was a bit busy

- You couldn't have come anyway,  roads were blocked because of the snowfall

2) 

- I saw Maria yesterday

- You can't have seen her. She left for Bahamas three days ago  

How can I express these ideas in Spanish by means of the verb poder and perfect infinitive?

Regards, 

Alexander

InmaKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hola Alexander,

1

'-Lo siento. No pude venir ayer. Estaba ocupado.

-No hubieras/habrías podido venir de todas formas, las carreteras estaban bloqueadas por la nevada.

2

-Ayer vi a María.

-No la has podido ver/pudiste ver. Se fue a las Bahamas hace tres días.

Saludos,

Inma

AlexanderA2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor
¡Hola, Inma! 

Thanks for your reply.

Is it possible to use "no puedes/pudiste/podrías haber venido de todas formas"?

InmaKwiziq team member

Hola de nuevo,

In this case:

- Sorry, I couldn't come yesterday, I was a bit busy.

- You couldn't have come anyway,  roads were blocked because of the snowfall.

you can use:

No podrías haber venido de todas formas.

No habrías podido venir de todas formas.

because it is a conditional structure; "Even if you hadn't been busy, you couldn't have come [because] the roads were blocked." whereas the other one (pudiste) is not. The present tense of poder (puedes) would also be incorrect.

I hope this clarified it for you. 

Saludos

Inma

 

AlexanderA2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Thanks, Inma!

This did clarify 

Modal verbs

¡Hola!

Let's have a look at the examples:

1) 

- Sorry, I couldn't come yesterday, I was a bit busy

- You couldn't have come anyway,  roads were blocked because of the snowfall

2) 

- I saw Maria yesterday

- You can't have seen her. She left for Bahamas three days ago  

How can I express these ideas in Spanish by means of the verb poder and perfect infinitive?

Regards, 

Alexander

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

Ask a question

Find your Spanish level for FREE

Test your Spanish to the CEFR standard

Find your Spanish level
Let me take a look at that...