In every example the questions are:
De donde eres
De donde es usted
The pronoun is included in every formal example. Is it required in the formal?
No, it is not necessary to use the pronoun usted, the same way we don't need to use tú.
You can say:
¿De dónde eres? ¿De dónde eres tú? ¿De dónde es? ¿De dónde es usted?
The reason why we included "usted" in the example is because if you see it without the pronoun, this could also mean "Where is he/she from? as the verb is conjugated in the 3rd person singular "es" for he/she/you formal.
I hope this clarified it.
This helped me a lot thank you
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