Ellos han estado muy enfermos en los últimos meses. They were ill over the last few months. How do we know this is still the present and not the past?

Ellos han estado muy enfermos en los últimos meses. They were ill over the last few months. How do we know this is still the present and not the past?

Asked 10 months ago
InmaKwiziq language super star

Hi Linda,

We consider it to still be connected to the present because the speaker is still inside those "last few months" at the moment of speaking. It is as if we are still counting the current month as part of those last few months.

Other similar examples would be:
Estos últimos meses han sido difíciles para mí.

No he visto a Juan en estos días. 

If you compare these to these other examples:
"El mes pasado fue difícil para mí"

"Ayer no vi a Juan."

Here the time frames are clearly not connected to the present.

I hope this helps,

Inma

Ellos han estado muy enfermos en los últimos meses. They were ill over the last few months. How do we know this is still the present and not the past?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

Find your Spanish level for FREE

Test your Spanish to the CEFR standard

Find your Spanish level >>
Ask a question
I'll be right with you...