The question does not enquire about the existence of a florist but the location. Therefore according to the lesson explanation the answer should be “Donde está”. Please point me to the part of the lesson I have not understood.
In the lesson we say that the article used after "hay" is always the indefinite article "un/una/unos/unas", while with "está" we use "el/la/los/las".
See the difference between these two sentences:
1. ¿Hay una farmacia cerca? -Sí, hay una farmacia muy cerca. (Is there a chemist around here? -Yes, there is a chemist near here.) (asking about the existence of a chemist).
Once they say there is one very close, then you want to locate it, so you ask:
2. ¿Y dónde está la farmacia? -Está ahí, al lado de la panadería. (And where is the chemist? - It is there, next to the bakers.) (this is about its location)
I hope this helps.
I’m sorry but you have not addressed my point. I agree that if you enquire about the existence of the farmacia the “hay” is the verb. But the lesson makes it clear that once you enquire about the location of a farmacia the “está” is the verb. The very start of the question “donde” indicates that I know there are farmacias in the location. All I now want to know is the existence of one of these.
Well, in this specific question with dónde the speaker doesn't really know of the existence (or not) of a chemist. He is asking "Where is there a chemist?", not "Where is the chemist?" Introducing the question with dónde doesn't always imply that the speaker knows of the existence of whatever he/she is enquiring, if you know what I mean.
Hope this is clearer now.
I think it boils down to this: if you are talking about "a" thing (using the indefinite article), then you use Hay. If you are talking about "the" thing, then you use está. In all of the examples in the lesson, every time the indefinite articles are used, they use Hay.
I think this is a subtle and "trick" sentence. As a non-native speaker of Spanish, I am used to seeing "donde" as the beginning of a question about "location." I would have expected this question to be phrased: "Hay una floristeria por aqui, por favor?"
Johan, I understand your question and I want to know the answer as you do. However, it seems like no one has addressed straight to the point for you.
Is it really difficult to understand and give the correct response to him? Anyone else, please???
Donde hay una florista (question in general - any florist) versus Donde está la florista (question specific - the florist). But concerning the question, it might have been better written simply as ¿ . . . una florista, por favor?.
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