Using ese, esa, esos, esas to say that/those (demonstrative adjectives)

To express that/those + [noun] in Spanish, you use the following demonstrative adjectives:  ese, esa, esos, esas + [noun].

Like in English (that), you use these to talk about something or someone that is close to the listener, not the speaker.

Have a look at these examples:

Ese perro ladra mucho.
That dog barks a lot.

Esa niña baila flamenco.
That girl is dancing flamenco.

Esos perros ladran mucho.
Those dogs bark a lot.

Esas niñas bailan flamenco.
Those girls are dancing flamenco.

They agree in gender and number with the noun they refer to, as follows:

  Masculine

Feminine

Singular (that)

ese

esa

Plural (those)

esos

esas

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Esa niña baila flamenco.
That girl is dancing flamenco.


Ese perro ladra mucho.
That dog barks a lot.


Esos perros ladran mucho.
Those dogs bark a lot.


Esas niñas bailan flamenco.
Those girls are dancing flamenco.


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