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Conjugate reflexive verbs in El Presente (present tense)

To conjugate a reflexive verb in El Presente, you need to use the reflexive pronoun matching each person, and then conjugate the verb normally:

yo

me 

     + verb conjugated
      in El Presente

te

él, ella, usted

se

nosotros

nos

vosotros 

os

ellos, ellas, ustedes   

se

Look at these examples of Spanish reflexive verbs conjugated in El Presente (present tense):

Yo me maquillo todas las mañanas.I put on my make-up every morning.

te peinas todos los días.You comb your hair every day.

Ella se viste siempre de negro.She always wears black.

Nosotros nos levantamos muy pronto.We get up very early.

Vosotros os sentáis en el sofá todas las noches.You sit on the sofa every night.

Ellos se miran en el espejo.They look at themselves in the mirror.


In the dictionary, you’ll see the reflexive pronoun se attached at the end of the verb, here are some examples:
  • despertarse  (to wake up)
  • levantarse  (to get up)
  • vestirse   (to get dressed)
  • acostarse  (to go to bed / to lie down)
  • peinarse  (to comb one’s hair)
  • mirarse  (to look at oneself)

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Yo me maquillo todas las mañanas.I put on my make-up every morning.
Ellos se miran en el espejo.They look at themselves in the mirror.
Nosotros nos levantamos muy pronto.We get up very early.
Ella se viste siempre de negro.She always wears black.
te peinas todos los días.You comb your hair every day.
Vosotros os sentáis en el sofá todas las noches.You sit on the sofa every night.

Q&A Forum 7 questions, 9 answers

DYLANA1Kwiziq community member

sentarse vs sentar

hola,

how do you know if a verb should be reflexive or not? Why is there both sentar and sentarse?

Asked 2 weeks ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Dylan,

There is no formula to know when a verb is reflexive or not. Sometimes some verbs are used as non-reflexive and reflexive. They often change meaning. 

We use sentarse to say "to sit" but when the person sits somewhere, for example:

I always sit at the back -> Yo siempre me siento detrás. 

But you can also use "sentar" (non-reflexive) in these contexts:

1. you sit "someone" somewhere. For example: "He sentado a mi madre a mi lado." (I sat my mum by my side.) This is a transitive verb, the object here being the mother.

2. you are saying something suits you. For example: "Ese vestido te sienta bien." (That dress suits you.)

Bear in mind this "te" here is not a reflexive pronoun but an indirect object pronoun.

2. you are saying something doesn't agree with you, as in food. For example: "Los pimientos no me sientan bien." (Peppers don't agree with me [I always get tummy aches when I eat them.]

Again, this "me" is an indirect object pronoun, not reflexive.

I hope this helped.

Saludos,

Inma

sentarse vs sentar

hola,

how do you know if a verb should be reflexive or not? Why is there both sentar and sentarse?

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AnitaA1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Hmmmm - feeling a bit cheated

In a test question, I answered “Nosotros nos llamamos Ana y Maria” and was marked incorrect, with “Nos llamamos Ana y Maria” offered as the correct answer, yet.......your lesson on reflexive verbs uses nosotros nos in an example. I am aware that the pronouns can often be dropped but I feel a bit cheated given it is used in the lesson example and not accepted in my answer in the test question.

Asked 1 month ago

Hmmmm - feeling a bit cheated

In a test question, I answered “Nosotros nos llamamos Ana y Maria” and was marked incorrect, with “Nos llamamos Ana y Maria” offered as the correct answer, yet.......your lesson on reflexive verbs uses nosotros nos in an example. I am aware that the pronouns can often be dropped but I feel a bit cheated given it is used in the lesson example and not accepted in my answer in the test question.

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JosephA1Kwiziq community member

Tú te peinas todos los días. You comb your hair every day. How come we do not use the word pelo in spanish for this instance?

Asked 1 year ago
JosephA1Kwiziq community member

The word hair is missing while making the translation? No se?

InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Joseph

Verb "peinarse" in Spanish means "to comb your hair"; the word "pelo" is implicit in the meaning of the verb.

Un saludo

Inma

Tú te peinas todos los días. You comb your hair every day. How come we do not use the word pelo in spanish for this instance?

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ElaineA1Kwiziq community member

What are reflective verbs

Asked 1 year ago
SilviaKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

¡Feliz Año Nuevo Elaine!

A verb is reflexive when the subject and object are the same.

For example:

I wash myself.

In the example above, "I" is the subject and "myself" the object. Since the subject and the object are the same, the verb is reflexive.

But, if you say:

I wash the T-shirt.

Here, "I" is the subject and "T-shirt" the object. Since the subject and the object are different, the verb is NOT reflexive.

Also, all reflexive verbs end by "-se" in the infinitive. For example, "llamarse" (to be called), "levantarse" (to get up) and "despertarse" (to wake up) are reflexive verbs.

I hope this explanation helps.

Un saludo,

Silvia.

What are reflective verbs

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BrittA1Kwiziq community member

promto

I thought pronto meant quick - so it actually mean early?
Asked 1 year ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Britt

Yes, "pronto" means early, as in "Me levanto pronto por la mañana" (I wake up early in the morning). However it could also mean "quick" in certain contexts, for example:

"¡Ven pronto! ¡Necesito ayuda!"

 (Come quick! I need help!)

Saludos

Inma

BrittA1Kwiziq community member

Thanks Imma

promto

I thought pronto meant quick - so it actually mean early?

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LyndseyA2Kwiziq community member

Quiz question help... I thought I was getting it.. :/

No ___ das cuenta de lo que pasa.

How do I know if I am being asked to fill in the reflexive verb?Why wouldn't it be "no tu te das..." ?

Silly question I'm sure.. ¡Gracias!

Asked 1 year ago
SilviaKwiziq team member
¡Hola Lyndsey! If you wish to include the subject pronoun in this sentence, the right order would be "tú no te das cuenta". The negation is placed in front of the reflexive pronoun. I hope this helps. Gracias, Silvia.

Quiz question help... I thought I was getting it.. :/

No ___ das cuenta de lo que pasa.

How do I know if I am being asked to fill in the reflexive verb?Why wouldn't it be "no tu te das..." ?

Silly question I'm sure.. ¡Gracias!

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MargaretA1Kwiziq community member

Please define a reflexive verb. Is it when someone does somethiing to or for one's self? Thank you.

Asked 1 year ago
SilviaKwiziq team member

Hola Margaret!

A reflexive verb indicates that the action of a verb is performed by the same person it affects. This means that the subjects are doing something to themselves or to each other.

For example, in the sentence I wash myself everyday, I is both the person doing the action and the person it is done to.

I hope that this explanation helps you to understand better.

¡Hasta pronto! Silvia

MargaretA1Kwiziq community member

Hola, Silvia, and thank you for your explanation.  That was my understanding of the reflexive verb, but I did feel that I needed confirmation. I appreciate your help.

Margaret

Please define a reflexive verb. Is it when someone does somethiing to or for one's self? Thank you.

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