Conjugate estar in El Presente (present tense)

The verb estar (to be) is irregular in El Presente:
yo  estoy
estás
él / ella / Ud. está
nosotros/nosotras 
estamos
vosotros /vosotras 
estáis
ellos / ellas / Uds.  están

Read and listen to these sentences with estar

Yo estoy en la cocina.
I am in the kitchen.

estás cansado.
You are tired.

Él está en casa de su madre.
He is at his mother's house.

Ella está en el tren.
She is on the train.

Usted está pálido.
You are pale.

Nosotros estamos en Uruguay esta semana.
We are in Uruguay this week.

Vosotros estáis aburridos.
You are bored.

Ellos están delgados.
They are thin.

Ustedes están en un hotel de lujo.
You are in a luxury hotel.

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Ella está en el tren.
She is on the train.


Ellos están delgados.
They are thin.


Yo estoy en la cocina.
I am in the kitchen.


Vosotros estáis aburridos.
You are bored.


Él está en casa de su madre.
He is at his mother's house.


Nosotros estamos en Uruguay esta semana.
We are in Uruguay this week.


estás cansado.
You are tired.


Usted está pálido.
You are pale.


Ustedes están en un hotel de lujo.
You are in a luxury hotel.


Q&A Forum 4 questions, 8 answers

EmanuelB2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Estar/ser aburrido

Am I right that (mostly) if I use it with estar it means bored and with ser it means boring?

Asked 3 months agospaced repetition
InmaKwiziq team member

Yes, you are right Emanuel. 

Soy aburrido = I am boring (I am a boring person)

Estoy aburrido = I am bored

However, have a look at this other example:

Esta película es muy aburrida This film is very boring. 

Esta película está muy aburrida This film is [getting] boring.

At the moment of watching the film, you find it boring. This is expressing a quality to describe the film when you are watching it, as opposed to a permanent quality to describe the film.

I hope this helps,

Inma

EmanuelB2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Great. Thank you, Inma, for sharing this interesting nuance.

Bst wishes,

Emanuel

Estar/ser aburrido

Am I right that (mostly) if I use it with estar it means bored and with ser it means boring?

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LarryA2Kwiziq community member

Use of Estar

In an example above you say, "Ellos estan delgados". I thought SER was used to describe physical characteristics i.e. "El es alto." To say Ellos estan delgados would imply they are thin now but they didn't used to be thin. Or that they appear thin. Or am I wrong?

Asked 3 months ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Larry

Yes, you are right. When we say: 

Ellos están delgados.

this implies that it is a "result", for example, they have gone on a diet and as a result they became thinner.

Or sometimes it can imply an element of surprise:

Marta, ¡qué delgada estás!

As a common example I can mention this typical sentence that we say to other people's children:

Tus hijos están muy altos.

This is something that you realise when you haven't seen your friends' kids for some time and you express surprise at their change. 

If we were using all these sentences with ser, not estar, then we'd be expressing a permanent quality. 

I hope this helps,

Un saludo

Inma

LarryA2Kwiziq community member

Inma,

I don't think explaining that Ser has a permanent quality and Estar doesn't is helpful since that is not always the case.

InmaKwiziq team member

Hi Larry

And I do agree with you in not going to the general rule about ser and estar for either permanent or non-permanent. This is why I explained the specific usage of estar in that case (result/surprise), but as a contrast to that case (estar delgado/ser delgado) I thought it was worth mentioning that if you change the verb to "ser" then you are talking about a permanent characteristic of a person without bearing in mind whether that person was thin before or not. We have a basic lesson on A1 about using "ser" to describe something/someone's permanent/essential characteristic. We have this basic lesson at the beginning of our content because this is the type of sentence you learn when using the verb "ser". Then you move on and learn about other specific uses of both verbs "ser" and "estar". We have lots of different specific lessons about these verbs without going into the general permanent/non-permanent. 

Here is a list of them:

Estar when talking about locations

Estar for physical condition

Estar when talking about feelings and emotions

Ser to describe relationships

Ser to express essential characteristics

Ser to express origin or nationality

I hope this helps,

Saludos

Inma

Use of Estar

In an example above you say, "Ellos estan delgados". I thought SER was used to describe physical characteristics i.e. "El es alto." To say Ellos estan delgados would imply they are thin now but they didn't used to be thin. Or that they appear thin. Or am I wrong?

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BelindaA1Kwiziq community member

Why is Usted (you) Esta and not estas?

Asked 5 months ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Belinda

When we use the formal pronoun "usted" instead of the informal "tú" we need to conjugate the verb, in this case "estar" as in the 3rd person singular, the same way as with he/she:

Tú estás aquí (you are here [informal you])

but 

Usted está aquí (you are here [formal you])

Él está aquí  (he is here)

Ella está aquí (she is here)

 

Hope this helps,

Saludos

Inma

 

Why is Usted (you) Esta and not estas?

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MagsA2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

When to use estar?

Is it too soon to ask for the situations when estar is used? Is it only for being in a place and for descriptive adjectives?
Asked 2 years ago
GruffKwiziq team member
Hi Mags, there are quite a lot of cases where you need to choose between ser or estar (sometimes both are allowed but that changes the meaning). Don't worry though, we're making lessons for all of them. When they're ready you'll be able to find them here: https://progress.lawlessspanish.com/revision/glossary/transference-problems/ser-or-estar
MagsA2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor
¡Muchas gracias!

When to use estar?

Is it too soon to ask for the situations when estar is used? Is it only for being in a place and for descriptive adjectives?

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